Usefulness of the Doppler mean gradient in evaluation of children with aortic valve stenosis and comparison to gradient at catheterization

Am J Cardiol. 1989 Oct 1;64(12):756-61. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(89)90760-1.


To assess the usefulness of the Doppler mean gradient as a noninvasive indicator of the need for intervention, 33 children (ages 3 months to 20 years) with valvular aortic stenosis (AS) underwent a 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic examination a median of 1 day before cardiac catheterization. The clinical decision for intervention was based on finding a catheterization peak-to-peak pressure gradient of greater than 75 mm Hg or from 50 to 75 mm Hg in the presence of symptoms or an abnormal exercise treadmill test result. Of the 33 patients, 23 required intervention. The decision for intervention was compared to the Doppler mean gradient, and the Doppler peak and mean gradients were compared to the catheterization peak-to-peak gradient. All 12 patients with a Doppler mean gradient greater than 27 mm Hg had intervention and had a catheterization peak-to-peak gradient of greater than or equal to 75 mm Hg. All 3 patients with a Doppler mean gradient less than 17 mm Hg had no intervention and had a peak-to-peak gradient less than 50 mm Hg. The remaining 18 patients with Doppler mean gradients between 17 and 27 mm Hg comprised an intermediate group in whom the Doppler mean gradient alone did not predict the need for intervention. From a chi-square table, a Doppler mean gradient greater than 27 mm Hg predicted the need for intervention with 100% specificity (no false positives) and 52% sensitivity (11 false negatives).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnosis*
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Child
  • Echocardiography
  • Echocardiography, Doppler*
  • Exercise Test
  • Humans