Introduction: Determining the dignity of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) by imaging procedures is challenging. Various CT-based criteria were evaluated.
Patients and methods: Preoperative CT scans from 47 patients with IPMN were analyzed. Predefined criteria of malignancy were compared between patients with benign (bIPMN; n = 28) and malignant (mIPMN; n = 19) tumors, and a summation score was determined.
Results: Preoperative carbohydrate-antigen 19-9 levels were higher in patients with mIPMN (p = 0.013). The diameter of the main pancreatic duct was greater in patients with mIPMN (p < 0.0001). More patients with mIPMN showed bile duct obstruction (p = 0.0076), solid tumor components (p = 0.0076), contrast enhancement in cystic walls (p = 0.0086), peripancreatic lymph nodes (p = 0.0076), and abrupt diameter changes of the main pancreatic duct (p = 0.0008). The CT density of the cysts was higher in mIPMN (p = 0.0063). The diagnostic accuracy of the summation score (sensitivity: 0.84, specificity: 0.96) was greater when compared to each individual CT parameter.
Conclusions: The prevalence and extent of various CT-based abnormalities are greater in patients with mIPMN, but the wide overlap limits the diagnostic value of each individual parameter. A simple summation score largely enhances the diagnostic accuracy.
© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.