The role of vitamin D in reproductive dysfunction in women - a systematic review

Ann Agric Environ Med. 2016 Dec 23;23(4):671-676. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1226865.

Abstract

Vitamin D is essential for the proper functioning of the human body. There is also evidence of its strong association with fertility problems in women. This review aims to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D and diseases affecting women's fertility (polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), uterine leiomyomas and endometriosis), and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in Scopus and PubMed for relevant English language publications since 1989. Vitamin D influences the functioning of the reproductive system in women and has been associated with PCOS, uterine leiomyomas, endometriosis and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. However, further studies on larger groups of patients are needed to establish what role vitamin D plays in the treatment of female infertility.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Endometriosis / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / physiopathology*
  • Leiomyoma / physiopathology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Vitamin D / metabolism*

Substances

  • Vitamin D