Aberrant transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) signaling plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of vascular fibrosis. On the other hand, deregulated transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6) channel expression shows impaired vascular physiology and wound healing. However, it has little been known about the functional association between TGFβ1 and TRPC6 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In this study, we analyzed the microarray data obtained from TGFβ1-treated A7r5 VSMCs. We found that TGFβ1 specifically elevates the expression level of TRPC6 mainly through Smad-dependent canonical pathway. The siRNA against TRPC6 abolished TGFβ1-induced molecular and cellular phenotype changes, including myosin light chain phosphorylation, actin stress fiber formation, and cell migration. These results demonstrate that TRPC6 is an important component of TGFβ1 signaling pathway in VSMCs. Therefore, our findings provide a basis for future investigation aimed at developing novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of vascular fibrosis.
Keywords: Fibrosis; Stress fiber; TGFβ1; TRPC6; Vascular smooth muscle.
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