A major challenge in physiology is to exploit the many large-scale data sets available from "-omic" studies to seek answers to key physiological questions. In previous studies, Bayes' theorem has been used for this purpose. This approach requires a means to map continuously distributed experimental data to probabilities (likelihood values) to derive posterior probabilities from the combination of prior probabilities and new data. Here, we introduce the use of minimum Bayes' factors for this purpose and illustrate the approach by addressing a physiological question, "Which deubiquitylating enzymes (DUBs) encoded by mammalian genomes are most likely to regulate plasma membrane transport processes in renal cortical collecting duct principal cells?" To do this, we have created a comprehensive online database of 110 DUBs present in the mammalian genome (https://hpcwebapps.cit.nih.gov/ESBL/Database/DUBs/). We used Bayes' theorem to integrate available information from large-scale data sets derived from proteomic and transcriptomic studies of renal collecting duct cells to rank the 110 known DUBs with regard to likelihood of interacting with and regulating transport processes. The top-ranked DUBs were OTUB1, USP14, PSMD7, PSMD14, USP7, USP9X, OTUD4, USP10, and UCHL5. Among these USP7, USP9X, OTUD4, and USP10 are known to be involved in endosomal trafficking and have potential roles in endosomal recycling of plasma membrane proteins in the mammalian cortical collecting duct.
Keywords: collecting duct; kidney; systems biology; ubiquitin.
Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.