It is common that cancer patients have different molecular signatures even though they have similar clinical features, such as histology, due to the heterogeneity of tumors. To overcome this variability, we previously developed a new approach incorporating prior biological knowledge that identifies knowledge-driven genomic interactions associated with outcomes of interest. However, no systematic approach has been proposed to identify interaction models between pathways based on multi-omics data. Here we have proposed such a novel methodological framework, called metadimensional knowledge-driven genomic interactions (MKGIs). To test the utility of the proposed framework, we applied it to an ovarian cancer dataset including multi-omics profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas to predict grade, stage, and survival outcome. We found that each knowledge-driven genomic interaction model, based on different genomic datasets, contains different sets of pathway features, which suggests that each genomic data type may contribute to outcomes in ovarian cancer via a different pathway. In addition, MKGI models significantly outperformed the single knowledge-driven genomic interaction model. From the MKGI models, many interactions between pathways associated with outcomes were found, including the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) signaling pathway, which are known to play important roles in cancer pathogenesis. The beauty of incorporating biological knowledge into the model based on multi-omics data is the ability to improve diagnosis and prognosis and provide better interpretability. Thus, determining variability in molecular signatures based on these interactions between pathways may lead to better diagnostic/treatment strategies for better precision medicine.
Keywords: TCGA; data integration; multi-omics data; ovarian cancer; pathway.
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