Viral myocarditis is common and can progress to cardiac failure. Cardiac cell pro-inflammatory responses are critical for viral clearance, however sustained inflammatory responses contribute to cardiac damage. The transcription factor NF-κB regulates expression of many pro-inflammatory cytokines, but basal and induced activation of NF-κB in different cardiac cell types have not been compared. Here, we used primary cultures of cardiac myocytes and cardiac fibroblasts to identify cardiac cell type-specific events. We show that while viral infection readily stimulates activation of NF-κB in cardiac fibroblasts, cardiac myocytes are largely recalcitrant to activation of NF-κB. Moreover, we show that cardiac myocyte subpopulations differ in their NF-κB subcellular localization and identify the cis-Golgi as a cardiac myocyte-specific host compartment. Together, results indicate that NF-κB-dependent signaling in the heart is cardiac cell type-specific, likely reflecting mechanisms that have evolved to balance responses that can be either protective or damaging to the heart.
Keywords: Cardiac fibroblast; Cardiac myocyte; Cardiomyocyte; Golgi; Heart; Myocarditis; NF-κB; Reovirus.
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