[Facial feminization surgery - middle and inferior thirds]

Ann Chir Plast Esthet. 2017 Apr;62(2):122-130. doi: 10.1016/j.anplas.2016.12.003. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
[Article in French]


The authors present the surgical techniques of facial feminization of the middle third and the inferior third in the context of sexual reassignment surgery. These techniques adapted to patients 'male to female' are proposed to strong masculine facial features of patients and are based in the middle third of the remodeling of the malar region by fat grafting, reduction and/or deprojection techniques in rhinoseptoplasty and upper lip surgery. Concerning the inferior third, remodeling of the mandibular angles, genioplasty and chondrolaryngoplasty are adapted.

Keywords: Chirurgie de réassignation sexuelle; Facial feminization; Féminisation faciale; Inferior third of face; Middle third of face; Sexual reassignment surgery; Tiers inférieur du visage; Tiers moyen du visage; Transsexualism; Transsexualisme.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / transplantation
  • Adult
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Face / surgery*
  • Feminization*
  • Genioplasty / methods
  • Humans
  • Laryngoplasty / methods
  • Lip / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rhinoplasty / methods
  • Sex Reassignment Surgery / methods*