Introduction: Sepsis can cause decreased diaphragmatic contractility. Intracellular calcium as a second messenger is central to diaphragmatic contractility. However, changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]) and the distribution and co-localization of relevant calcium channels [dihydropyridine receptors, (DHPRα1s) and ryanodine receptors (RyR1)] remain unclear during sepsis. In this study we investigated the effect of changed intracellular [Ca2+ ] and expression and distribution of DHPRα1s and RyR1 on diaphragm function during sepsis.
Methods: We measured diaphragm contractility and isolated diaphragm muscle cells in a rat model of sepsis. The distribution and co-localization of DHPRα1s and RyR1 were determined using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, whereas intracellular [Ca2+ ] was measured by confocal microscopy and fluorescence spectrophotometry.
Results: Septic rat diaphragm contractility, expression of DHPRα1s and RyR1, and intracellular [Ca2+ ] were significantly decreased in the rat sepsis model compared with controls.
Discussion: Decreased intracellular [Ca2+ ] coincides with diaphragmatic contractility and decreased expression of DHPRα1s and RyR1 in sepsis. Muscle Nerve 56: 1128-1136, 2017.
Keywords: DHPRα1s; RyR1; diaphragm; intracellular [Ca2+]; sepsis.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.