Reactive Aggression and Suicide-Related Behaviors in Children and Adolescents: A Review and Preliminary Meta-Analysis

Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2018 Feb;48(1):38-51. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12325. Epub 2017 Jan 3.

Abstract

The empirical literature on the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors in children and adolescents was reviewed. A narrative review of seven studies that met inclusion/exclusion criteria is followed by a preliminary meta-analysis to provide insight into the strength of the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors. Each of the seven studies reported a statistically significant association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors, including suicide, nonfatal suicide attempt, and suicide ideation. Results from the meta-analysis indicated a consistent, medium-sized association (k = 7; N = 4,693; rbar = .25). The narrative review and results of the preliminary meta-analysis support the promise of pursuing future research on reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors in children and adolescents. A theoretical model is proposed to guide the development of future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior
  • Aggression*
  • Child
  • Child Behavior
  • Humans
  • Suicidal Ideation*
  • Suicide* / prevention & control
  • Suicide* / psychology