Blue-Light Filtering Spectacle Lenses: Optical and Clinical Performances

PLoS One. 2017 Jan 3;12(1):e0169114. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169114. eCollection 2017.

Abstract

Purposes: To evaluate the optical performance of blue-light filtering spectacle lenses and investigate whether a reduction in blue light transmission affects visual performance and sleep quality.

Methods: Experiment 1: The relative changes in phototoxicity, scotopic sensitivity, and melatonin suppression of five blue-light filtering plano spectacle lenses were calculated based on their spectral transmittances measured by a spectrophotometer. Experiment 2: A pseudo-randomized controlled study was conducted to evaluate the clinical performance of two blue-light filtering spectacle lenses (BF: blue-filtering anti-reflection coating; BT: brown-tinted) with a regular clear lens (AR) serving as a control. A total of eighty computer users were recruited from two age cohorts (young adults: 18-30 yrs, middle-aged adults: 40-55 yrs). Contrast sensitivity under standard and glare conditions, and colour discrimination were measured using standard clinical tests. After one month of lens wear, subjective ratings of lens performance were collected by questionnaire.

Results: All tested blue-light filtering spectacle lenses theoretically reduced the calculated phototoxicity by 10.6% to 23.6%. Although use of the blue-light filters also decreased scotopic sensitivity by 2.4% to 9.6%, and melatonin suppression by 5.8% to 15.0%, over 70% of the participants could not detect these optical changes. Our clinical tests revealed no significant decrease in contrast sensitivity either with (95% confidence intervals [CI]: AR-BT [-0.05, 0.05]; AR-BF [-0.05, 0.06]; BT-BF [-0.06, 0.06]) or without glare (95% CI: AR-BT [-0.01, 0.03]; AR-BF [-0.01, 0.03]; BT-BF [-0.02, 0.02]) and colour discrimination (95% CI: AR-BT [-9.07, 1.02]; AR-BF [-7.06, 4.46]; BT-BF [-3.12, 8.57]).

Conclusion: Blue-light filtering spectacle lenses can partially filter high-energy short-wavelength light without substantially degrading visual performance and sleep quality. These lenses may serve as a supplementary option for protecting the retina from potential blue-light hazard.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02821403.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Color
  • Contrast Sensitivity
  • Eyeglasses*
  • Female
  • Glare
  • Humans
  • Light*
  • Male
  • Melatonin / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Presbyopia / physiopathology
  • Random Allocation
  • Sleep*
  • Visual Acuity*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Melatonin

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02821403

Grant support

This work was supported by Swiss lens laboratory Ltd. http://www.swisscoat.com. The second part of this study (clinical trial) was supported by Swiss lens laboratory Ltd. The sponsor provided the blue-light filtering spectacle lenses for the clinical trial and funding for hiring a research assistant. Funder (for the second part of the study): Swiss lens laboratory Ltd. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.