Recent evidence suggests that β-arrestins, which are involved in G protein-coupled receptors desensitization, may influence mechanotransduction. Here, we observed that nitric oxide (NO) production was abrogated in human saphenous vein endothelial cells (SVECs) transfected with siRNA against β-arrestin 1 and 2 subjected to shear stress (SS, 15 dynes/cm2, 10 min). The downregulation of β-arrestins 1/2 in SVECs cells also prevented the SS-induced rise in levels of phosphorylation of Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS, Serine 1177). Interestingly, immunoprecipitation revealed that β-arrestin interacts with Akt, eNOS and caveolin-1 and these interactions are not influenced by SS. Our data indicate that β-arrestins and Akt/eNOS downstream signaling are required for early SS-induced NO production in SVECs, which is consistent with the idea that β-arrestins and caveolin-1 are part of a pre-assembled complex associated with the cellular mechanotransduction machinery.
Keywords: Endothelial cells; Mechanotransduction; Nitric oxide; Shear stress; β-arrestin.
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.