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Review
, 34, 29-46

Converting Citrus Wastes Into Value-Added Products: Economic and Environmently Friendly Approaches

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Review

Converting Citrus Wastes Into Value-Added Products: Economic and Environmently Friendly Approaches

Kavita Sharma et al. Nutrition.

Abstract

Citrus fruits, including oranges, grapefruits, lemons, limes, tangerines, and mandarins, are among the most widely cultivated fruits around the globe. Its production is increasing every year due to rising consumer demand. Citrus-processing industries generate huge amounts of wastes every year, and citrus peel waste alone accounts for almost 50% of the wet fruit mass. Citrus waste is of immense economic value as it contains an abundance of various flavonoids, carotenoids, dietary fiber, sugars, polyphenols, essential oils, and ascorbic acid, as well as considerable amounts of some trace elements. Citrus waste also contains high levels of sugars suitable for fermentation for bioethanol production. However, compounds such as D-limonene must be removed for efficient bioethanol production. The aim of the present article was to review the latest advances in various popular methods of extraction for obtaining value-added products from citrus waste/byproducts and their potential utility as a source of various functional compounds.

Keywords: Citrus waste; Dietary fibers; Enzymes; Extraction methods; Phytochemicals.

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