Objective: To evaluate the impact of a short luteal phase on fecundity.
Design: Prospective time-to-pregnancy cohort study.
Setting: Not applicable.
Patient(s): Women trying to conceive, ages 30-44 years, without known infertility.
Intervention(s): Daily diaries, ovulation prediction testing, standardized pregnancy testing.
Main outcome measure(s): Subsequent cycle fecundity.
Result(s): Included in the analysis were 1,635 cycles from 284 women. A short luteal phase (≤11 days including the day of ovulation) occurred in 18% of observed cycles. Mean luteal phase length was 14 days. Significantly more women with a short luteal phase were smokers. After adjustment for age, women with a short luteal phase had 0.82 times the odds of pregnancy in the subsequent cycle immediately following the short luteal phase compared with women without a short luteal phase. Women with a short luteal length in the first observed cycle had significantly lower fertility after the first 6 months of pregnancy attempt, but at 12 months there was no significant difference in cumulative probability of pregnancy.
Conclusion(s): Although an isolated cycle with a short luteal phase may negatively affect short-term fertility, incidence of infertility at 12 months was not significantly higher among these women.
Clinical trial registration number: NCT01028365.
Keywords: Short luteal phase; fecundity; luteal phase deficiency; natural fertility.
Copyright © 2016 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.