Background: Iron overload disorders are hereditary hemochromatosis and secondary etiologies other than hereditary hemochromatosis. We describe 2 boys presenting with iron overload. Juvenile hemochromatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) related iron overload are the genetic and secondary causes, respectively.
Observations: Both patients benefited from phlebotomy even if they had different etiologies.
Conclusions: In childhood, the diagnosis of iron overload syndromes is crucial because they do not confront us with obvious symptoms and findings. Early initiation of a phlebotomy program can prevent mortality. NASH might lead to iron overload and iron overload might aggravate the clinical course of NASH.