We have compared the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle biopsies from patients that have survived a [Malignant Hyperthermia, MH] episode and siblings that test positive for MH susceptibility with those from siblings that tested negatives. The aim is to establish whether life long exposure to the MH-related mutation effects may result in subtle abnormalities even in the absence of active episodes and/or clinically detectable deficiencies. Although a specific ultrastructural signature for MH mutants cannot be demonstrated, an MH related pattern of minor alterations does exist. These include the tendency for micro damage to the contractile apparatus and a higher than normal level of mitochondrial abnormalities.
Keywords: Malignant hyperthermia; Mitochondria; Skeletal Muscle; Ultrastructure.