Objective: To investigate the potential value of repeat measurements of uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and serum placental growth factor (PlGF) at 12, 22 and 32 weeks' gestation in the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE) developing after 32 weeks.
Methods: Data were derived from prospective screening for adverse obstetric outcomes in women attending their routine hospital visit at 11-13, 19-24 and/or 30-34 weeks' gestation in two maternity hospitals in England. UtA-PI, MAP and PlGF were measured. Bayes' theorem was used to combine the a-priori risk from maternal factors with UtA-PI, MAP and PlGF multiples of the median values. The performance of screening for PE developing after the 30-34-week visit by UtA-PI, MAP and PlGF measured at 11-13, 19-24 and 30-34 weeks and their combinations was examined.
Results: Screening at 30-34 weeks by UtA-PI, MAP and PlGF detected, at a 10% false-positive rate, 79%, 86% and 92% of preterm PE and 42%, 50% and 56% of term PE. The addition of biomarker values at 11-13 and/or 19-24 weeks was not associated with any improvement in the detection rate of preterm PE; in the case of term PE, there was a marginal (< 2%) improvement in detection for UtA-PI and MAP and a modest improvement of about 5% for PlGF.
Conclusion: Measurements of UtA-PI, MAP and PlGF in the first and/or second trimester have a small or no effect on improving the prediction of PE provided by screening in the early third trimester. Copyright © 2017 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Keywords: mean arterial pressure; placental growth factor; pre-eclampsia; repeat measurements; screening; soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1; uterine artery Doppler.
Copyright © 2017 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.