Practical use of visual medial temporal lobe atrophy cut-off scores in Alzheimer's disease: Validation in a large memory clinic population

Eur Radiol. 2017 Aug;27(8):3147-3155. doi: 10.1007/s00330-016-4726-3. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Abstract

Objective: To provide age-specific medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) cut-off scores for routine clinical practice as marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: Patients with AD (n = 832, mean age 81.8 years) were compared with patients with subjective cognitive impairment (n = 333, mean age 71.8 years) in a large single-centre memory clinic. Mean of right and left MTA scores was determined with visual rating (Scheltens scale) using CT (0, no atrophy to 4, severe atrophy). Relationships between age and MTA scores were analysed with regression analysis. For various MTA cut-off scores, decade-specific sensitivity and specificity and area under the curve (AUC) values, computed with receiver operator characteristic curves, were determined.

Results: MTA strongly increased with age in both groups to a similar degree. Optimal MTA cut-off values for the age ranges <65, 65-74, 75-84 and ≥85 were: ≥1.0, ≥1.5, ≥ 2.0 and ≥2.0. Corresponding values of sensitivity and specificity were 83.3% and 86.4%; 73.7% and 84.6%; 73.7% and 76.2%; and 84.0% and 62.5%.

Conclusion: From this large unique memory clinic cohort we suggest decade-specific MTA cut-off scores for clinical use. After age 85 years, however, the practical usefulness of the MTA cut-off is limited.

Key points: • We suggest decade-specific MTA cut-off scores for AD. • MTA cut-off after the age of 85 years has limited use. • CT is feasible and accurate for visual MTA rating.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Clinical practice; Computed tomography; Diagnostic imaging; Temporal lobe.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis
  • Alzheimer Disease / pathology*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Atrophy / pathology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values
  • Regression Analysis
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Temporal Lobe / pathology*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed