A Cytotoxic and Anti-inflammatory Campesterol Derivative from Genetically Transformed Hairy Roots of Lopezia racemosa Cav. (Onagraceae)

Molecules. 2017 Jan 12;22(1):118. doi: 10.3390/molecules22010118.


The genetically transformed hairy root line LRT 7.31 obtained by infecting leaf explants of Lopezia racemosa Cav with the Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain ATCC15834/pTDT, was evaluated to identify the anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic compounds reported previously for the wild plant. After several subcultures of the LRT 7.31 line, the bio-guided fractionation of the dichloromethane-methanol (1:1) extract obtained from dry biomass afforded a fraction that showed important in vivo anti-inflammatory, and in vitro cytotoxic activities. Chemical separation of the active fraction allowed us to identify the triterpenes ursolic (1) and oleanolic (2) acids, and (23R)-2α,3β,23,28-tetrahydroxy-14,15-dehydrocampesterol (3) as the anti-inflammatory principles of the active fraction. A new molecule 3 was characterized by spectroscopic analysis of its tetraacetate derivative 3a. This compound was not described in previous reports of callus cultures, in vitro germinated seedlings and wild plant extracts of whole L. racemosa plants. The anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities displayed by the fraction are associated to the presence of compounds 1-3. The present study reports the obtaining of the transformed hairy roots, the bioguided isolation of the new molecule 3, and its structure characterization.

Keywords: Agrobacterium rhizogenes; Lopezia racemosa; anti-inflammatory; cytotoxic; genetic transformation; hairy roots.

MeSH terms

  • Agrobacterium / chemistry
  • Agrobacterium / genetics
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / chemistry
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bony Callus / drug effects
  • Bony Callus / growth & development
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects*
  • Cholesterol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cholesterol / chemistry
  • Cholesterol / pharmacology
  • Germination / drug effects*
  • Oleanolic Acid / chemistry
  • Oleanolic Acid / pharmacology
  • Onagraceae / chemistry*
  • Phytosterols / chemistry
  • Phytosterols / pharmacology*
  • Plant Roots / chemistry
  • Plants, Genetically Modified / drug effects
  • Seedlings / drug effects


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Phytosterols
  • campesterol
  • Oleanolic Acid
  • Cholesterol