DNA sensing and immune responses in cancer therapy

Curr Opin Immunol. 2017 Apr:45:16-20. doi: 10.1016/j.coi.2016.12.005. Epub 2017 Jan 12.


The identification of critical DNA sensors and their pathways has led to revealing the central role of DNA sensing in immune system. It has been initially demonstrated that DNA sensing and immune responses have high impacts on the development and prevention of infection and inflammatory. In addition to toll-like receptor pathways, there is now also emerging evidence that cytosolic enzyme cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is essential for the recognition of not only pathogen-derived DNA but also tumor DNA for innate sensing. The strategies through activating DNA sensing pathways toward enhancing antitumor immunity have shown promise and are further tested in clinical studies. Here, we highlight recent progresses in understanding mechanisms activated by DNA sensing mediated immune responses in cancer therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA, Neoplasm / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate*
  • Neoplasms / immunology*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Nucleotidyltransferases / immunology*
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*
  • Toll-Like Receptors / immunology*


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Toll-Like Receptors
  • Nucleotidyltransferases
  • cGAS protein, human