Objective: To assess long-term complication rate and parental satisfaction of osseointegrated bone conduction hearing implants (OBCHIs).
Study design: Retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs.
Methods: A retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs for the treatment of conductive, mixed, and single-sided sensorineural hearing loss in children.
Results: Forty-five subjects were identified with 0.3 to 10.4 years of follow-up. The mean/median age and age range at implant were 9.0/7.8 and 1.7 to 19.1 years. The underlying hearing loss for the cohort included conductive (N = 30), sensorineural (N = 7), and mixed (N = 8) hearing loss. Conductive hearing loss, caused by aural atresia (62.9), was the most common indication for implantation. Fifty-eight complications occurred in 29 subjects, most related to skin infection or overgrowth. Seventeen events required revision surgery, and 18 required oral antibiotics and/or office-based cauterization. Children under the age of 5 years were more likely to have failure of osseointegration or require revision surgery. Parents of 33 subjects underwent a phone interview; 76% rated the overall satisfaction as satisfied or very satisfied.
Conclusion: A large percentage of children undergoing OBCHI develop postoperative complications, and up to 44% require revision surgery-a figure higher than generally reported and higher than in adults. No factors were found to adequately explain the higher complication rates in children compared to adults. Despite the occurrence of complications, parents viewed this device as satisfactory from many perspectives.
Level of evidence: 4. Laryngoscope, 127:2165-2170, 2017.
Keywords: Pediatric; Pediatric otology; hearing implant.
© 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.