Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. Fall 2016;10(4):247-250.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2016.039. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Evaluation of Changes in Anthropometric Indexes Due to Intermaxillary Fixation Following Facial Fractures

Free PMC article

Evaluation of Changes in Anthropometric Indexes Due to Intermaxillary Fixation Following Facial Fractures

Javad Yazdani et al. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. .
Free PMC article


Background. One of the treatment modalities for facial fractures is closed reduction technique, but treatment with intermaxillary fixation (IMF) interferes with normal nutrition, and malnutrition can affect the patient's recovery. Anthropometric measurements such as skinfold thickness and body mass index (BMI) are universal indexes for diagnosing malnutrition. Therefore, in this study we explain how treatment with IMF changes the anthropometric indexes. Methods. In this study 60 patients were treated with 4 weeks of IMF. Skinfold thickness and BMI of these patients were measured and compared before and after the treatment. Results. Patients' weight, BMI and skinfold thickness decreased during the IMF period, and this decrease was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Conclusion. Although no severe and acute malnutrition was seen among our patients, IMF led to mild to moderate malnutrition in some cases, making it necessary to use nutritional supplements.

Keywords: Anthropometry; body mass index; fixation; malnutrition; skinfold thickness.

Similar articles

See all similar articles


    1. Shahim F, Cameron P, McNeil J. Maxillofacial trauma in major trauma patients. Aust Dent J. 2006;51:225–30. doi: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2006.tb00433.x. - DOI - PubMed
    1. van den Bergh B, Karagozoglu KH, Heymans MW, Forouzanfar T. Aetiology and incidence of maxillofacial trauma in Amsterdam: a retrospective analysis of 579 patients. J CraniomaxillofacSurg. 2012;40:e165–e9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.08.006. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Yazdani J, Talesh KT, Motamedi MHK, Khorshidi R, Fekri S, Hajmohammadi S. Mandibular angle fractures: comparison of one miniplate vstwo miniplatesTrauma. Mon. 2013;18:17. doi: 10.5812/traumamon.9865. - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Andreasen JO, Storgård Jensen S, Kofod T, Schwartz O, Hillerup S. Open or closed repositioning of mandibular fractures: is there a difference in healing outcome? A systematic review. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24:17–21. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00498.x. - DOI - PubMed
    1. Marciani RD, Haley JV, Kohn MW. Patient compliance—a factor in facial trauma repairOral SurgOral Med. Oral Pathol. 1990;70:428–30. doi: 10.1016/0030-4220(90)90203-5. - DOI - PubMed

LinkOut - more resources