Background: NTRK fusions are known oncogenic drivers and have recently been effectively targeted by investigational agents in adults. We sought to assess the frequency of NTRK fusions in a large series of pediatric and adolescent patients with advanced cancers.
Procedure: Genomic profiles from 2,031 advanced cancers from patients less than 21 years old who were assayed with comprehensive genomic profiling were reviewed to identify NTRK fusions.
Results: Total of nine cases (0.44%) harbored NTRK fusions, including novel partners. Four of these cases were in children less than 2 years old for which infantile fibrosarcoma was considered as a diagnosis, and two harbored the canonical ETV6-NTRK3. The remaining cases carried other diagnoses, at least one that carried the diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.
Conclusions: NTRK fusions occur in a subset of young patients with mesenchymal or sarcoma-like tumors at a low frequency, and are eminently druggable targets via either investigational agents or approved drugs.
Keywords: IFS; IMT; NTRK1-3; kinase fusion; mesoblastic nephroma; sarcoma.
© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.