CIRSE Guidelines on Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2017 Mar;40(3):331-342. doi: 10.1007/s00270-017-1574-8. Epub 2017 Jan 19.


Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is an important cause of severe debilitating back pain, adversely affecting quality of life, physical function, psychosocial performance, mental health and survival. Different vertebral augmentation procedures (VAPs) are used in order to consolidate the VCFs, relief pain,and whenever posible achieve vertebral body height restoration. In the present review we give the indications, contraindications, safety profile and outcomes of the existing percutaneous VAPs.

Keywords: Kyphoplasty; Osteoporosis; Percutaneous bone implant techniques; Vertebral compression fracture; Vertebroplasty.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bone Cements / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Fractures, Compression / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Radiology, Interventional*
  • Spinal Fractures / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vertebroplasty / methods*


  • Bone Cements