T4 polynucleotide kinase (PNK) plays critical roles in regulating DNA phosphorylation modes during the repair of DNA lesions. The aberrant activity of T4 PNK has been proven to be associated with a variety of human pathologies. Sensitive detection of T4 PNK activity is critical to both clinical diagnosis and therapeutics. Herein, a background-eliminated fluorescence assay for sensitive detection of T4 PNK activity has been developed by multifunctional magnetic probes and polymerization nicking reactions mediated hyperbranched rolling circle amplification (HRCA). First, the streptavidin-magnetic nanobeads (MBs) were functionalized with the biotin modified hairpin probe (HP) with 3'-phosphoryl, forming multifunctional magnetic probes (HP-MBs). Then, in the presence of T4 PNK, the 3'-phosphoryl of HP-MBs was hydrolyzed to 3'-hydroxyl, thus serving as primers to initiate the polymerization extension and nicking endonuclease cleavage reaction. Next, the primers released from above "polymerization-nicking" cycles were separated out to trigger the subsequently HRCA process, producing plenty of dsDNA. Finally, the intercalating dye SYBR Green I (SG) was inserted into the dsDNA, generating enhanced fluorescence signals. In our design, the HP-MBs here serve together as the T4 PNK, DNA polymerase, and endonuclease recognition probe, and thus avoid the demands of utilizing multiple probes design. Moreover, it performed primary "polymerization-nicking" amplification and mediate secondary HRCA. In addition to, performing the separation function, the binding of HP-MBs and SG could be avoided while a low background was acquired. This method showed excellent sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.0436 mU/mL, and accomplished exceptional characterization T4 PNK activity in cell extracts, offering a powerful tool for biomedical research and clinical diagnosis.
Keywords: Fluorescence detection; Hyperbranched rolling circle amplification; Multifunctional magnetic probes; Polymerization-nicking; T4 polynucleotide kinase.
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