Purpose: Up to 50% of traumatic sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocations need open reduction and fixation to prevent long-term complications and complaints. We present our preferred surgical approach for acute as well as chronic SCJ dislocations, including their outcome.
Methods: Five consecutive male patients with a median age of 27 (range 20-49) were treated for traumatic anterior (n = 2) or posterior (n = 3) SCJ dislocation. Open reduction and surgical fixation were achieved by a modified figure-of-eight sutures using Fiberwire®. In anterior dislocations, an additional reconstruction of the costoclavicular ligament was performed. Median follow-up was 11 months (range 9-48) and included clinical evaluation and the use of the DASH questionnaire.
Results: Open surgical reduction and SCJ repair were successfully achieved in all patients without complications. Repair resulted in very good functional outcomes in all five patients with DASH scores of 0, 8 (n = 3) and 5, 8 (n = 2), respectively.
Conclusions: The presented technique allowed simple, effective, and durable repair of the SCJ joint in patients with SCJ dislocations with excellent functional outcomes.
Keywords: Costoclavicular reconstruction; Open reduction; Reconstruction approach, sternoclavicular injury; Sternoclavicular reconstruction; Trauma.