A new series of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid and 3-O-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid analogs (5, 7, 8, 10, 13, 18a-d, 27a-c, 28a-d) were synthesized by modification of hydroxyl and acid functional moieties of boswellic acids. The structures of these analogs were confirmed by spectral data analysis (1H, 13C NMR and mass). Compounds 18b, 27a and 8 showed potent 5-lipoxygenase enzyme inhibitory activity (IC50: 19.53, 20.31 and 44.14μg/mL). The computational studies revealed that selectivity of AKBA is due to its fitment into the 5-LOX receptor, which is missing for the other enzymes like 12-LOX, COX-1 and COX-2. Our study found potentiating effects of 2-formyl and 3-keto substituents in reviving inactive AKBA analogues possessing essential COOH group at 4th position.
Keywords: 3-O-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; 5-Lipoxygenase; Anti-inflammatory; Boswellia serrata.
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