Interleukin-8 (IL-8, CXCL8) is a neutrophil chemotactic factor belonging to the family of chemokines. IL-8 was shown to resist pepsin cleavage displaying its high resistance to this protease. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this resistance are not fully understood. Using our in-house database containing the data on three-dimensional arrangements of secondary structure elements from the whole Protein Data Bank, we found a striking structural similarity between IL-8 and pepsin inhibitor-3. Such similarity could play a key role in understanding IL-8 resistance to the protease pepsin. To support this hypothesis, we applied pepsin assays confirming that intact IL-8 is not degraded by pepsin in comparison to IL-8 in a denaturated state. Applying 1H-15N Heteronuclear Single Quantum Coherence NMR measurements, we determined the putative regions at IL-8 that are potentially responsible for interactions with the pepsin. The results obtained in this work contribute to the understanding of the resistance of IL-8 to pepsin proteolysis in terms of its structural properties.