The hearing sensitivity of 9427 railroad train crew members, determined during the first year of a company-wide hearing conservation program, was compared with hearing sensitivity in a control population not exposed to occupational noise. The hearing sensitivity of the trainmen did not differ significantly from that of the control population. Multiple regression analysis, which considered separately the effects of age and years of service, showed significant differences in hearing levels due to age, but no differences in hearing levels due to years of service. Evaluation of the data by risk categories developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health indicate that this group of trainmen had no risk of occupational noise-induced hearing loss. These analyses, combined with studies of locomotive cab noise, show clearly that trainmen are not typically exposed to hazardous occupational noise.