Phase III, efficacy and safety study of ertugliflozin monotherapy in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled with diet and exercise alone

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2017 May;19(5):721-728. doi: 10.1111/dom.12888. Epub 2017 Feb 22.

Abstract

Aims: To conduct a phase III study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin monotherapy in people with type 2 diabetes.

Materials and methods: This was a 52-week, double-blind, multicentre, randomized, parallel-group study with a 26-week, placebo-controlled treatment period (phase A), followed by a 26-week active-controlled treatment period (phase B) in 461 men and women, aged ≥18 years with inadequate glycaemic control (glycated haemoglobin [HbA1c] concentration 7.0% to 10.5% [53-91 mmol/mol], inclusive) despite diet and exercise. Results from phase A are reported in the present paper. The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline to week 26.

Results: At week 26, the placebo-adjusted least squares mean HbA1c changes from baseline were -0.99% and -1.16% for the ertugliflozin 5 and 15 mg doses, respectively ( P < .001 for both doses). The odds of having HbA1c <7.0% (53 mmol/mol) were significantly greater in the ertugliflozin 5 and 15 mg groups compared with the placebo group. Both doses of ertugliflozin significantly lowered fasting plasma glucose and 2-hour postprandial glucose levels and body weight. The placebo-adjusted differences in changes from baseline in systolic blood pressure were not statistically significant. A higher incidence of genital mycotic infections occurred in men and women treated with ertugliflozin compared with placebo. There was no significant difference between treatments in the proportion of participants with symptomatic hypoglycaemia or adverse events associated with urinary tract infection or hypovolaemia.

Conclusions: Ertugliflozin 5 and 15 mg treatment for 26 weeks provides effective glycaemic control, reduces body weight and is generally well tolerated, when used as monotherapy.

Keywords: SGLT2; ertugliflozin; monotherapy; type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Obesity Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Obesity Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Obesity Agents / therapeutic use
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / administration & dosage
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / adverse effects
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / therapeutic use*
  • Combined Modality Therapy / adverse effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / immunology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / therapy
  • Diet, Diabetic
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / prevention & control*
  • Hypoglycemia / chemically induced
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / adverse effects
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Immunity, Mucosal / drug effects
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Membrane Transport Modulators / administration & dosage
  • Membrane Transport Modulators / adverse effects
  • Membrane Transport Modulators / therapeutic use*
  • Mycoses / epidemiology
  • Mycoses / immunology
  • Mycoses / microbiology
  • Overweight / drug therapy
  • Overweight / immunology
  • Overweight / metabolism
  • Overweight / therapy
  • Reproductive Tract Infections / epidemiology
  • Reproductive Tract Infections / immunology
  • Reproductive Tract Infections / microbiology
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 / metabolism
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors*

Substances

  • Anti-Obesity Agents
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Membrane Transport Modulators
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2
  • Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human
  • ertugliflozin