Concurrent infection of Bluetongue and Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus in small ruminants in Haryana State of India

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Feb;65(1):235-239. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12610. Epub 2017 Jan 24.


Bluetongue (BT) and peste-des-petits-ruminants (PPR) are major transboundary diseases of small ruminant, which are endemic in India. Testing of bluetongue virus (BTV) and peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV) from recent outbreaks (2015-2016) in different regions of Haryana State of India revealed that 27.5% of the samples showed the presence of dual infection of BTV and PPRV. Analysis of Seg-2 of BTV (the serotype-determining protein) showed the presence of BTV-12w in several isolates. However, analysis of N gene fragment amplicons showed that viruses belong to lineage IV were most closely related to a pathogenic strain of PPRV from Delhi. This is the first report of co-circulation of PPRV lineage IV and bluetongue virus serotype 12 in the state.

Keywords: Bluetongue; Haryana; India; epidemiology; peste-des-petits-ruminants virus.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bluetongue / diagnosis*
  • Bluetongue / epidemiology
  • Bluetongue / virology
  • Bluetongue virus / genetics
  • Bluetongue virus / isolation & purification*
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Goat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Goat Diseases / virology*
  • Goats
  • India / epidemiology
  • Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants / diagnosis*
  • Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants / epidemiology
  • Peste-des-Petits-Ruminants / virology
  • Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus / genetics
  • Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus / isolation & purification*
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / epidemiology
  • Sheep Diseases / virology*


  • RNA, Viral