Examination of cultural competence in service providers in an early intervention programme for psychosis in Montreal, Quebec: Perspectives of service users and treatment providers

Early Interv Psychiatry. 2018 Jun;12(3):469-473. doi: 10.1111/eip.12422. Epub 2017 Jan 26.


Aim: To better understand cultural competence in early intervention for psychosis, we compared service users' and service providers' perceptions of the importance of providers being culturally competent and attentive to aspects of culture.

Methods: At a Canadian early intervention programme, a validated scale was adapted to assess service user (N = 51) and provider (N = 30) perceptions of service providers' cultural competence and the importance accorded thereto.

Results: Analyses of variance revealed that the importance of service providers being culturally competent was rated highest by service providers, followed by visible minority service users, followed by white service users. Providers rated themselves as being more interested in knowing about service users' culture than service users perceived them to be.

Conclusions: Service users accorded less import to service providers' cultural competence than providers themselves, owing possibly to varied socialization. A mismatch in users' and providers' views on providers' efforts to know their users' cultures may influence mental healthcare outcomes.

Keywords: cultural competence; culture; early; intervention; psychosis; youth mental health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Canada
  • Clinical Competence*
  • Cultural Competency*
  • Early Medical Intervention*
  • Female
  • Health Personnel / standards*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychotic Disorders / therapy*
  • Quebec
  • Young Adult

Grant support