Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that macroautophagy/autophagy plays an essential role in self-renewal and differentiation in embryonic hematopoiesis. Here, according to the RNA sequencing data sets of 5 population cells related to hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) formation during mouse embryogenesis (endothelial cells, PTPRC/CD45- and PTPRC/CD45+ pre-HSCs in the E11 aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, mature HSCs in E12 and E14 fetal liver), we explored the dynamic expression of mouse autophagy-related genes in this course at the single-cell level. Our results revealed that the transcription activity of autophagy-related genes had a substantial increase when endothelial cells (ECs) specified into pre-HSCs, and the upregulation of autophagy-essential genes correlated with reduced NOTCH signaling in pre-HSCs, suggesting the autophagy activity may be greatly enhanced during pre-HSC specification from endothelial precursors. In summary, our results presented strong evidence that autophagy plays a critical role in HSC emergence during mouse midgestation.
Keywords: autophagy; hematopoiesis; hematopoietic stem cell; mouse embryos; single cell.