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. 2017 Apr;91:33-42.
doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.01.006. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Effects of Mindfulness, Reappraisal, and Suppression on Sad Mood and Cognitive Resources

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Free PMC article

Effects of Mindfulness, Reappraisal, and Suppression on Sad Mood and Cognitive Resources

Shian-Ling Keng et al. Behav Res Ther. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The present study investigated the relative effects of mindfulness, reappraisal and suppression in reducing sadness, and the extent to which implementation of these strategies affects cognitive resources in a laboratory context. A total of 171 Singaporean undergraduate participants were randomly assigned to receive brief training in mindfulness, reappraisal, or suppression prior to undergoing a sad mood induction. Individual adherence to Asian cultural values was assessed as a potential moderator of strategy effectiveness. Participants rated their mood and completed a Color-Word Stroop task before and after mood regulation instructions. Analyses using multi-level modelling showed that the suppression condition caused less robust declines in sadness over time compared to mindfulness. There was also a nonsignificant trend in which mindfulness was associated with greater sadness recovery compared to reappraisal. Suppression resulted in lower average sadness compared to mindfulness among those high on Asian cultural values, but not those low on Asian cultural values. Both mindfulness and reappraisal buffered against increases in Stroop interference from pre-to post-regulation compared to suppression. The findings highlight the advantage of mindfulness as a strategy effective not only in the regulation of sad mood, but also in the preservation of cognitive resources in the context of mood regulation.

Keywords: Asian cultural values; Cognitive resources; Mindfulness; Reappraisal; Sad mood; Suppression.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Model-based depiction of experimental condition effect on sadness across the regulation period.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Model-based depiction of the effect of condition and time on Stroop interference.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Model-based depiction of the three-way interaction of Asian cultural values, experimental condition, and time on sadness.

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