AIDS is one of the global pandemic diseases that results from infection by HIV and was estimated 34.2 million people infected in 2011 by this virus. The investigators had previously shown that by early antiretroviral treatment, the risk of AIDS/HIV-related illness and transmission reduced significantly. Nanomaterials could be applied to improving the ability and sensitivity of sensors to detect serum biomarkers with low-sample volume. Moreover, results can be obtained faster. In this paper, we present a review of several experimental studies for HIV electrochemical detection based on nanomaterials. Furthermore, we explained each assay and detection limited.
Keywords: HIV-1; electrochemical detection; nanomaterials.