Aim: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of interferon and ribavirin-free sofosbuvir/ledipasvir (SOF/LDV) and ritonavir boosted paritaprevir/ombitasvir with or without dasabuvir (2D/3D) regimens in a real-life cohort of human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) coinfected patients. The study focused on efficacy, need for changes in antiretroviral therapy (ART) due to drug-drug interaction (DDI), and treatment-associated changes in liver stiffness.
Methods: In this study 36 patients (n = 21 SOF/LDV and n = 15 2D/3D) were retrospectively analyzed. Depending on the genotype the following treatment regimens were used: HCV genotype (GT)-1: either SOF/LDV or 3D, no patient with HCV-GT2 was included, HCV-GT3: SOF/LDV, HCV-GT4: 2D.
Results: Approximately one third (35.3%) of patients were treatment-experienced and 13.9% had cirrhosis. Antiretroviral therapy had to be changed in 38.1% of SOF/LDV and 60% of 2D/3D patients prior to anti-HCV treatment due to expected DDIs. We observed sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 100% in patients treated with SOF/LDV (19/19) and 2D/3D (14/14). One 2D/3D patient was lost to follow-up, while two SOF/LDV patients died during therapy from non-treatment-related causes. They were excluded from the analysis. Between baseline and follow-up liver stiffness decreased from 11.4 to 8.3 kPa (p = 0.008) and from 8.1 to 5.7 kPa (p = 0.001) in SOF/LDV and 2D/3D patients, respectively.
Conclusions: We confirmed the excellent HCV eradication rates >95% in a real-life cohort of HIV/HCV coinfected patients treated with SOF/LDV and 2D/3D. We observed no HCV relapse or breakthrough. More patients treated with 2D/3D required a change in ART than patients treated with SOF/LDV. Additionally, HCV eradication led to a rapid decline in liver stiffness.
Keywords: 3D; HIV; Hepatitis C virus; Ledipasvir; Sofosbuvir.