Mice with low levels of Shc proteins display reduced glycolytic and increased gluconeogenic activities in liver

Biochem Biophys Rep. 2016 Sep;7:273-286. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrep.2016.06.021. Epub 2016 Jun 30.


Shc proteins play a role in energy metabolism through interaction with the insulin receptor. The aim of this study was to determine whether Shc proteins influence liver glycolysis and gluconeogenesis under both fed and fasted states. Decreased glycolytic and increased gluconeogenic and transamination enzyme activities were observed in ShcKO versus WT mice. Levels of key regulatory metabolites, such as fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, matched the activity of metabolic pathways. Protein levels of glycolytic and gluconeogenic enzymes were not different. pAMPK protein levels increased with fasting and were higher in ShcKO versus WT mice. Therefore, Shc proteins play a role in shifting the metabolism from glucose oxidation to gluconeogenesis and lipid catabolism and should be considered as regulators of fuel selection. Fuel selection and utilization could play a critical role in healthy aging. Characterization of metabolic events in ShcKO mice would help to elucidate how metabolism is influenced by these proteins.

Keywords: Fasting; Fuel selection; Gluconeogenesis; Glycolysis; Metabolism; Shc proteins.