Calcium signaling plays an important role in cell survival by influencing mitochondria-related processes such as energy production and apoptosis. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the main storage compartment for cell calcium (Ca2+; ~60-500μM), and the Ca2+ released by the ER has a prompt effect on the homeostasis of the juxtaposed mitochondria. Recent findings have highlighted a close connection between ER redox and Ca2+ signaling that is mediated by Ca2+-handling proteins. This paper describes the redox-regulated mediators and mechanisms that orchestrate Ca2+ signals from the ER to mitochondria.
Keywords: IP3R; RyR; SERCA; mitochondria-associated membranes; redox-regulated calcium signaling.
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