Accumulated quiescent neural stem cells in adult hippocampus of the mouse model for the MECP2 duplication syndrome

Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 31;7:41701. doi: 10.1038/srep41701.

Abstract

Duplications of Methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) -containing segments lead to the MECP2 duplication syndrome, in which severe autistic symptoms were identified. Whether adult neurogenesis may play a role in pathogenesis of autism and the role of MECP2 on state determination of adult neural stem cells (NSCs) remain largely unclear. Using a MECP2 transgenic (TG) mouse model for the MECP2 duplication syndrome, we found that adult hippocampal quiescent NSCs were significantly accumulated in TG mice comparing to wild type (WT) mice, the neural progenitor cells (NPCs) were reduced and the neuroblasts were increased in adult hippocampi of MECP2 TG mice. Interestingly, we found that parvalbumin (PV) positive interneurons were significantly decreased in MECP2 TG mice, which were critical for determining fates of adult hippocampal NSCs between the quiescence and activation. In summary, we found that MeCP2 plays a critical role in regulating fate determination of adult NSCs. These evidences further suggest that abnormal development of NSCs may play a role in the pathogenesis of the MECP2 duplication syndrome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Dentate Gyrus
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression
  • Hippocampus / cytology*
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Interneurons / cytology
  • Interneurons / metabolism
  • Mental Retardation, X-Linked / genetics*
  • Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 / genetics*
  • Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neural Stem Cells / cytology
  • Neural Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Neurogenesis
  • Resting Phase, Cell Cycle*

Substances

  • Mecp2 protein, mouse
  • Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2

Supplementary concepts

  • Lubs X-linked mental retardation syndrome