Full-thickness rectal prolapse, or procidentia, is the passage of the full-thickness wall of the rectum beyond the anal sphincters. This condition results in pain and fecal incontinence which greatly impairs the quality of life of those afflicted. It is associated with several anatomic abnormalities, including decreased anal sphincter tone, levator muscle diastasis, and a deep anterior cul-de-sac. The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is made based on physical examination, although several other modalities are used to provide additional information about the patients' condition. While medical management of rectal prolapse can be effective in some cases, the mainstay of management of rectal prolapse is surgical correction.
Keywords: procidentia; rectal prolapse.
Abdominal Approaches to Rectal ProlapseK Joubert et al. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 30 (1), 57-62. PMID 28144213. - ReviewRectal prolapse is a debilitating condition with a complex etiology. Symptoms are most commonly prolapse of the rectum and pain with bowel movements or straining, with wo …
Rectal ProlapseTS Schiergens et al. J Gastrointest Surg 16 (12), 2336-7. PMID 23054898. - Case ReportsTotal rectal prolapse, or full-thickness rectal prolapse (procidentia), is defined as protrusion of the rectum beyond the anus. The entire rectal wall can be palpated in …
Mikulicz's Procedure With Levator Muscle and External Anal Sphincter Plasty in the Treatment of Rectal ProlapseD Waniczek et al. Pol Przegl Chir 84 (12), 626-31. PMID 23399629. - Clinical TrialTransperineal rectosigmoidectomy using Mikulicz's method with levator muscle and external anal sphincter plasty seems to be an effective, minimally invasive and relativel …
Resolution of Rectal Prolapse by Vaginal ReconstructionH Devakumar et al. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 23 (1), e4-e7. PMID 27898453. - Case ReportsUsually, the choice of surgical approach is tailored to each individual based on anatomy, age, comorbidity, and patient factors. Correcting both vaginal and rectal prolap …
[Surgical Methods in Anal and Rectal Prolapse]S Kiene. Langenbecks Arch Chir Suppl II Verh Dtsch Ges Chir 757-64. PMID 2577635. - ReviewAnal prolapse in adults is cured by the Milligan-Morgan procedure. Operation for the rectal prolapse has to repair procidentia, incontinence and obstipation. Procidentia …
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Tension-free Vaginal Mesh Operation for Concomitant Rectal and Uterine Prolapse: A Case ReportK Yamashita et al. Urol Case Rep 22, 28-30. PMID 30364721. - Case Reports