Effects of Prolonged GRP78 Haploinsufficiency on Organ Homeostasis, Behavior, Cancer and Chemotoxic Resistance in Aged Mice

Sci Rep. 2017 Feb 1;7:40919. doi: 10.1038/srep40919.

Abstract

GRP78, a multifunctional protein with potent cytoprotective properties, is an emerging therapeutic target to combat cancer development, progression and drug resistance. The biological consequences of prolonged reduction in expression of this essential chaperone which so far has been studied primarily in young mice, was investigated in older mice, as older individuals are likely to be important recipients of anti-GRP78 therapy. We followed cohorts of Grp78+/+ and Grp78+/- male and female mice up to 2 years of age in three different genetic backgrounds and characterized them with respect to body weight, organ integrity, behavioral and memory performance, cancer, inflammation and chemotoxic response. Our results reveal that body weight, organ development and integrity were not impaired in aged Grp78+/- mice. No significant effect on cancer incidence and inflammation was observed in aging mice. Interestingly, our studies detected some subtle differential trends between the WT and Grp78+/- mice in some test parameters dependent on gender and genetic background. Our studies provide the first evidence that GRP78 haploinsufficiency for up to 2 years of age has no major deleterious effect in rodents of different genetic background, supporting the merit of anti-GRP78 drugs in treatment of cancer and other diseases affecting the elderly.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aging / genetics*
  • Aging / pathology
  • Aging / physiology
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / toxicity*
  • Behavior, Animal*
  • Body Weight
  • Chemically-Induced Disorders / genetics
  • Female
  • Haploinsufficiency*
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics*
  • Homeostasis*
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neoplasms / genetics*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • molecular chaperone GRP78