Double Inferior Vena Cava and its Implications During Endovascular and Surgical Interventions: A Word of Caution

J Invasive Cardiol. 2017 Feb;29(2):51-53.

Abstract

Double inferior vena cava (DIVC) is present in 0.2%-3.0% of the general population. Its presence can be detected by computed tomographic angiography or magnetic resonance imaging. Identifying the presence of DIVC is important to define its relationship with the renal vein, its size when IVC filters are planned, the location of the left renal vein in relationship to the aorta, and for planning of IVC filter placement in the setting of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Finally, this entity should not be mistaken for lymphadenopathy and its course should be well understood before abdominal and pelvic/retroperitoneal surgical interventions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Endovascular Procedures / methods*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vascular Malformations / diagnosis
  • Vascular Malformations / surgery*
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / abnormalities*
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / diagnostic imaging
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / surgery