Addressing Health Care Disparities Among Sexual Minorities

Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2017 Mar;44(1):71-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2016.11.003.


There is evidence of health disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual populations. Although the focus of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender health research has been human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men, there are health disparities among sexual minority women. Using the minority stress framework, these disparities may in part be caused by individual prejudice, social stigma, and discrimination. To ensure equitable health for all, there is urgent need for targeted culturally sensitive health promotion, cultural sensitivity training for health care providers, and intervention-focused research.

Keywords: Health disparity; Intervention; Sexual minority.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bisexuality
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility / organization & administration*
  • Health Services Accessibility / standards
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Health Surveys
  • Healthcare Disparities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Homosexuality, Female
  • Humans
  • Minority Groups
  • Minority Health / standards*
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities* / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Stigma
  • United States
  • Women's Health / standards*