Multidimensional SuFEx Click Chemistry: Sequential Sulfur(VI) Fluoride Exchange Connections of Diverse Modules Launched From An SOF 4 Hub

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2017 Mar 6;56(11):2903-2908. doi: 10.1002/anie.201611048. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Abstract

Sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange (SuFEx) is a new family of click chemistry based transformations that enable the synthesis of covalently linked modules via SVI hubs. Here we report thionyl tetrafluoride (SOF4 ) as the first multidimensional SuFEx connector. SOF4 sits between the commercially mass-produced gases SF6 and SO2 F2 , and like them, is readily synthesized on scale. Under SuFEx catalysis conditions, SOF4 reliably seeks out primary amino groups [R-NH2 ] and becomes permanently anchored via a tetrahedral iminosulfur(VI) link: R-N=(O=)S(F)2 . The pendant, prochiral difluoride groups R-N=(O=)SF2 , in turn, offer two further SuFExable handles, which can be sequentially exchanged to create 3-dimensional covalent departure vectors from the tetrahedral sulfur(VI) hub.

Keywords: SuFEx reaction; amines; click chemistry; phenols; thionyl tetrafluoride.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Click Chemistry
  • Fluorides / chemistry*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Sulfur / chemistry*

Substances

  • Sulfur
  • Fluorides