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. 2017 Mar;63(3):179-192.
doi: 10.1139/cjm-2016-0447. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Classification of Lipolytic Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications in the Pulping Industry

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Classification of Lipolytic Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications in the Pulping Industry

L Ramnath et al. Can J Microbiol. .

Abstract

In the pulp and paper industry, during the manufacturing process, the agglomeration of pitch particles (composed of triglycerides, fatty acids, and esters) leads to the formation of black pitch deposits in the pulp and on machinery, which impacts on the process and pulp quality. Traditional methods of pitch prevention and treatment are no longer feasible due to environmental impact and cost. Consequently, there is a need for more efficient and environmentally friendly approaches. The application of lipolytic enzymes, such as lipases and esterases, could be the sustainable solution to this problem. Therefore, an understanding of their structure, mechanism, and sources are essential. In this report, we review the microbial sources for the different groups of lipolytic enzymes, the differences between lipases and esterases, and their potential applications in the pulping industry.

Keywords: biopulping; esterases; estérases; lipases; lipolytic; lipolytiques; microbial; microbien; pulpation biologique.

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