The authors compared 57 patients with multiple personality disorder (MPD) who had been hypnotized both before and after diagnosis to 38 patients who had not been hypnotized during assessment or treatment. The two groups did not differ on the diagnostic criteria for MPD or in number of personalities. Hypnosis therefore does not have a gross distorting effect on the features of the disorder. Hypnosis may, however, affect the recall of sexual and physical abuse and the manifestation of certain types of alter personality. These include child personalities, personalities of different age, sex, or race, and protectors. The authors hypothesize that the hypnotized group may require hypnosis for access of more traumatic memories held by child personalities.