In silico screening of DrugBank database to detect liver X receptor (LXR) agonism of marketed drugs using a self-organizing map and successive LXR-Gal4 hybrid reporter gene assay evaluation in vitro discovered alitretinoin and bexarotene as partial liver X receptor agonists. Dose-response curves demonstrated that plasma concentrations observed in clinical trials are sufficient for LXR activation and thus could account for LXR-mediated side-effects such as hypercholesterolemia and hyperlipidemia. The discovered drugs are the first reported dual LXR/RXR agonists and can serve as lead structures for LXR and dual LXR/RXR modulator development.
Keywords: Alitretinoin; Bexarotene; Liver X receptor; Nuclear receptors; SOSA.
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