Reptile Perinatology

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2017 May;20(2):439-454. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2016.11.005. Epub 2017 Feb 4.


Reptile perinatology refers to the time period surrounding hatching for oviparous species, and immediately after birth for viviparous species. Veterinarians working in myriad conservation and breeding programs require knowledge in this area. This article reviews anatomy and physiology of the amniotic egg, the basics of artificial incubation, when manual pipping is indicated, and basic medicine of the reptile hatchling or neonate.

Keywords: Amniotic egg; Hatchling; Perinatology; Reptile.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Female
  • Male
  • Oviposition
  • Reptiles / anatomy & histology
  • Reptiles / physiology*
  • Veterinary Medicine