Macrophage Functions in Tissue Patterning and Disease: New Insights from the Fly

Dev Cell. 2017 Feb 6;40(3):221-233. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2017.01.001.


Macrophages are multifunctional innate immune cells that seed all tissues within the body and play disparate roles throughout development and in adult tissues, both in health and disease. Their complex developmental origins and many of their functions are being deciphered in mammalian tissues, but opportunities for live imaging and the genetic tractability of Drosophila are offering complementary insights into how these fascinating cells integrate a multitude of guidance cues to fulfill their many tasks and migrate to distant sites to either direct developmental patterning or raise an inflammatory response.

Keywords: Drosophila; apoptosis; development; disease; immunity; inflammation; macrophage; migration; wound.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Patterning*
  • Cell Lineage
  • Disease*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / embryology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Macrophages / metabolism*
  • Macrophages / pathology*
  • Signal Transduction