Morin Inhibits Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Bladder Cancer EJ Cells via Modulation of Signaling Pathways, Cell Cycle Regulators, and Transcription Factor-Mediated MMP-9 Expression

Drug Dev Res. 2017 Mar;78(2):81-90. doi: 10.1002/ddr.21377. Epub 2017 Feb 8.


Preclinical Research Previous studies have shown that morin exerts diverse pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory activity of morin on bladder cancer EJ cells. Morin significantly inhibited EJ cell proliferation, which was related to the G1-phase cell cycle arrest together with the reduced expression of cyclin D1, cyclin E, CDK2, and CDK4 via increased expression of p21WAF1. Morin also increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation and decreased JNK and AKT phosphorylation without altering the p38MAPK phosphorylation levels. Morin treatment suppressed the migration and invasion of EJ cells in wound-healing and transwell cell invasion assays. Zymographic and electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that morin suppressed the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) via repression of the binding activity of AP-1, Sp-1, and NF-κB. Collectively, these results demonstrate that morin reduced cyclin D1, cyclin E, CDK2 and CDK4 expression via the induction of p21WAF1 expression, increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation and decreased JNK, and AKT phosphorylation, and prevented MMP-9 expression via the inhibition of transcription factors AP-1, Sp-1, and NF-κB, thereby resulting in the inhibition of growth, migration, and invasion of bladder cancer EJ cells. These results provide a novel insight into the use of morin in the prevention of bladder cancer. Drug Dev Res 78 : 81-90, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords: bladder cancer; invasion; migration; morin; proliferation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Flavonoids / therapeutic use
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism*
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / metabolism*


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Flavonoids
  • morin
  • MMP9 protein, human
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 9